These are the 6 most
critical steps to gun cleaning:
Step 1. ALWAYS make sure
the gun is unloaded and pointed in a safe direction!
Step 2. Carefully take
gun apart, making sure to keep track of all parts. Please reference
your owners manual for detailed instructions on how to disassemble
weapon. For most over/unders, when the action is closed, you remove
the forestock (wooden part where your front hand goes underneath
the barrel) by pulling down on the lever on the forestock. With
the forestock off, you open the action of the gun and pull up and
forward on the barrels (be careful not to let the barrels fall off
the gun and to the ground once the action is open). You now have
three distinct pieces, the receiver (stock and trigger assembly),
the barrels, and the forestock. (Also, reference our gun cleaning
video to follow along visually).
Step 3. Clean your weapon
with a solvent (such as Hoppe's #9). Inside the barrels, use a bore
brush or a rod with a patch with solvent applied to the patch. (preferable
pushing from the breach to the front of barrels (the same direction
the shot/slug travels). Then use a clean dry patch and push that
patch through the barrels. Continue this alternating process using
clean patches (first with solvent and then without) until the patches
no longer come out dirty. Use a toothbrush with solvent to clean
other metal parts of gun to remove accumulated residue/deposits/"gunk".
Step 4. Remove any remaining
solvent from surfaces. Wipe down the firearm and all the parts to
remove any residual solvent (which if left on metal can be harmful).
Step 5. Wipe down metal
parts with light coat of oil/lubricant/rust inhibitor. To protect
the firearm and help it function properly, wipe down metal parts
with a light coat of gun oil or lubricant such as silicone or RemLube
by Remington. Use the lubricant/oil sparingly. A little goes a long
way. If the storing the gun, try not to leave fingerprints on it.
While the fingerprints will likely not do anything to effect the
function of the gun, they can be unsightly and the oils on your
skin may mar the finish of the metal.
Step 6. Reassemble weapon
and verify that it is functioning properly. Holding the receiver
horizontal and with the barrels at a 45 degree angle to the ground,
slide the barrels down onto/into the receiver until the "hook" at
the bottom of the barrel(s) catches in the receiver. Lift up on
the front of the barrels until they lock into place. Now reattach
the forestock. With the small latch on the forestock open, slide
the forestock into place and smoothly close the latch. Then open
the breach of the gun and close it again to ensure reassembly was
done correctly. All parts should move smoothly without any excess
liquids/oils/etc visible on any part(s) of the gun. Do NOT use undue
force on the weapon. Chances are if you have to use much (if any)
muscle, you are doing something incorrectly.
For a cutting edge gun-cleaning
tool, turn to Original Sheepskins - the highest quality medical-grade
sheepskin available to clean and polish your coveted firearm! http://www.originalsheepskins.com
Albie Whitaker, Founder Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Albie_Whitaker